Archives for posts with tag: pimples

There are a lot of skin care myths out there. To help you weed out what’s true and what’s not true when it comes to skin care, we put together this list of seven skin-care myths your mom probably never told you about:

Myth #1 – acne is caused by poor hygiene and eating certain foods aggravates the condition. First, acne is not caused by dirt. No matter how many times you wash your face and your body, acne may still appear. The cause of acne is an overproduction of sebum, or oil, which clogs the pores. The rate at which the skin on your face produces sebum is not at all affected by dirt. Hormones, stress, pollution and bacteria are some of the culprits behind the appearance of pimples. Additionally, consuming junk foods like chocolate, soda, fried foods and any other oily or greasy foods will not aggravate acne.  Of course, we don’t recommend that you load up on junk food.

Myth #2 – not washing your face often enough can cause blackheads. Many people have blackheads, especially on either sides of the nose. Just like pimples, blackheads are not caused by dirt, so washing your face more often than usual is not the solution. Blackheads appear when the pores become dilated; the cellular buildup leads to oxidation that causes that black color. If you want to steer clear of blackheads, use a good exfoliating face scrub that is suited for your skin type.

Myth #3 – going to a tanning booth is the safest way to add some color to your skin. This is not true at all. Whether it’s natural tanning under the heat of the sun or tanning under the tanning booth, you’re still exposing your skin to UVA rays. Experts agree that this type of exposure can still penetrate deep into the skin and cause damage like premature aging. In effect, you’re also exposing yourself to the risks of developing skin cancers.

Myth #4 – when looking for products that help shield your skin from the rays of the sun, all you need to look for is a higher SPF.  SPF stands for Sun Protection Factor, an ingredient that is ever-present in sunscreen lotions. Although a higher SPF will offer protection from ultraviolet rays, the SPF will only work in shielding your skin from UVB rays. There are other kinds of ultraviolet rays, including UVA and UVC, which some sunscreens may not necessarily protect you from. A good compromise would be to choose a product with SPF 15 or higher that contains ingredients that block both the UVA and UVB rays from penetrating into your skin.

Myth #5 – the more expensive a skin care product is, the better it is for your skin.

Myth #6 – a skin care product claims to be natural, it should be 100 percent good for my skin. First, there are no regulations in the market when it comes to using the term “natural.” Therefore, even if the product contains only one herbal ingredient, they can still use the term “natural.”

Myth #7 – dermatologist-tested and hypoallergenic products will work well for any skin type. What causes allergies for one person may not necessarily have the same effect for another person, so the term “hypoallergenic” is quite vague. Observe which products lead you to have breakouts or skin rashes and steer clear of them.

At the end of the day, taking care of your skin is all a matter of choosing the right products and having a good skin-care regimen that you can follow on a daily basis. Now that you know about the top skin-care myths and the truth behind them, you can make an informed decision about how to better care for your skin so that you can have that clear, smooth, and flawless complexion you want.

Pimples don’t only show up on the face.
For some, acne on the body is a real problem and can affect large areas of the body.  Body acne can affect the back, neck, chest, shoulders, and upper arms.  Back acne is pretty common among those with acne on the body.  Body acne can affect anybody, however most cases are seen in men.

Usually acne begins on the face and will start spreading to other areas of the body.  Not everyone with facial acne will develop body acne. Most everyone with body acne will have some kind of facial acne.

How does acne affect your body?
Like facial acne, body acne can be very embarrassing.  Many people will wear clothing to cover up so they don’t reveal their acne.  Even going out to do things and have fun can be uncomfortable.  You can’t swim. It’s also very difficult for teens with body acne to change in the locker room.  Acne on body can cause lasting scars, depending on the degree of inflammation.

What causes acne on the body?
The same causes of facial acne are attributed to acne on body; overactive oil glands, excessive dead skin cells, and many acne-causing bacteria we come in contact with everyday.  Oil and dead skin cells block the pores in your skin and create a blockage.  This area may become irritated and could turn into a pimple if bacteria invade.  Acne on body is usually found on the back and upper torso.  These areas have more glands so they are more vulnerable to the oils and sweat from your skin.  It’s not likely that your clothes would cause body acne, but the friction may affect existing areas of the body with acne.  Sweat is another cause of acne on the body, shower after workouts to keep skin healthy.

 

3 Rules to hide a pimple
Pimples seem to be able to read your mind. They know when its when its class picture day and even prom night! Here are three simple rules to follow when a pimple rears its ugly head.

1) If there’s no whitehead, DON’T squeeze it, since the pimple is probably too deep to drain.  Picking a deep “underground” pimple can end up turning it into a larger boil that may get infected.  Plus, squeezing can make it scab, which is harder to hide with concealer.

2) If there’s a whitehead that’s just too nasty to be seen, you can try squeezing it gently – BUT do this only at night, so it has time to shrink before morning.  And if it doesn’t come out easily, don’t keep squeezing, since this may cause more damage.  Cover with a Band-Aid to prevent scabbing.

3) Avoid letting hot water hit the pimple, this can make it more red and inflamed.  Instead, apply a cool, damp washcloth over the pimple to help reduce redness, pat dry and then apply concealer.  A stick formula will cover better than a liquid concealer.  For best results, dab on with your fingertip or a small brush, and keep dotting on until the pimple is covered.  Then apply foundation or powder.

Your Pores: The Basics
Everybody’s got ’em — they’re the openings to our oil glands.  But whether or not you pay attention to your pores probably depends on their size.

If you don’t spend much time poring over your pores, chances are they’re small and don’t get clogged too often.  But if your pores are on the larger side, you might be dealing with one or more acne-related conditions including blackheads, whiteheads and cysts. Typically, people with oily skin tend to have enlarged pores that secrete excess oil, or sebum.  Larger pores are also more likely to get clogged with dead skin cells, dirt, and bacteria.  Dermatologists generally treat acne-related conditions with topical antimicrobials that help disinfect the skin, and topical retinoids to help unclog pores and prevent whiteheads and blackheads from forming.  For more moderate or severe cases of acne, an oral antibiotic like erythromycin, tetracycline, doxycycline, or minocycline may be prescribed.

The fact is you can’t get rid of your pores, or even shrink them, but you can cleanse and care for your skin in ways that make pores less visible.  And that includes staying out of the sun — too much sun exposure (as well as the aging process) reduces the amount of collagen in our skin, and that also causes pores to expand.

Do-It-Yourself Tactics
Try these at-home strategies and you might be able to avoid expensive dermatological procedures and spa treatments.

  • Use a pore-refining cleanser to help break up excess oil, dirt, dead skin cells, and bacteria that can clog enlarged pores.
  • Give yourself a weekly pore-purifying facial treatment.
  • Make your own deep-cleansing mask using ingredients such as honey, yogurt, or basic Fuller’s earth clay (find it at a health food store) and adding citrus, strawberries, banana, apple cider vinegar, or rosewater.
  • Exfoliate a few times a week with a store-bought or homemade scrub, or go for an exfoliating cleansing cloth. More options to try: products that contain chemical or fruit-enzyme exfoliants such as lipohydroxy acid, salicylic acid, glycolic acid, and alpha and beta hydroxy acids, all of which work to dissolve build-up in your pores.
  • Try store-bought microdermabrasion cleansing cloths and/or polishers, which work similarly but more gently than a professional microdermabrasion treatment.
  • Put your makeup to work. Products such as primers, concealers, foundation, loose mineral powder, and blotting sheets can help you maintain coverage and make large pores less visible. Just be sure to thoroughly cleanse your face at day’s end to keep pores from getting clogged with makeup residue.

Get Professional Help
If your issues are more significant, talk to your dermatologist about professional treatments such as:

  • Dermatological Facials: Many dermatologists and licensed aestheticians offer professional facials that include deep cleansing, exfoliation, steaming, extractions, massage, mask, and moisturizing.
  • Chemical Peels: A professional peel performed by a dermatologist or licensed aesthetician can remove dead skin cells, clear plugged pores, eliminate whiteheads and blackheads, correct discoloration, and generate new skin growth.
  • Microdermabrasion: During this deep-cleansing procedure, your practitioner “sands” your skin with a handheld device that shoots a spray of fine crystals onto your face and simultaneously vacuums them up. This non-invasive procedure produces instant pore-perfecting results. (Microdermabrasion is also effective at reducing the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, creases, sun damage, and minor scars.)

A Final Word
Even though people with normal and dry skin tend to have smaller pores than those with an oily or combination complexion, they may still be susceptible to certain pore problems the cause your acne. Plus, skin type can change with age, or as a result of environmental factors, genetics, nutrition, or complications related to other health conditions.  If you’re concerned about any skin changes, talk to your dermatologist.

 

If over-the-counter acne treatments aren’t working for you, it might be time to visit your dermatologist to have stubborn breakouts treated.  Learn which procedures can help severe cases of acne.

While you can find nonprescription acne washes, lotions, and gels to treat acne sometimes it is not enough to control the problem.  For stubborn or severe acne, here are some procedures that can be performed at a dermatologist’s office:

Extractions (also called acne surgery) help remove pockets of oil and dead skin.   A few different sterile instruments can be used to safely drain whiteheads, blackheads, and small cysts.  Extractions must be done carefully by someone with experience or they can turn a small pimple into a festering boil, which can become infected and take weeks to heal. This is the reason doctors usually recommend that pimples not be squeezed; without the right instruments and technique, you can badly scar your skin.

Large cysts (such as those that result from hormonal breakouts) can be treated with dilute cortisone injections, which shrink the inflammation under the skin, often within a day or two.  The amount of cortisone is very small, but a skilled doctor must do the injection — otherwise it can cause your skin to become pitted.

Acne peels with alpha and beta hydroxy acids can help unclog pores and reduce blackheads, especially if there are lots of little bumps and pimples; dermatologist favor solutions containing salicylic acid and lipo hydroxy acid, which target the oil glands.  Peels generally cause pinkness and flaking for a few days.

Acne laser and photo facial treatments can help kill acne-causing bacteria and shrink pores, although the effect is temporary.  For best results, these treatments are done once every three to four weeks, so they can be very costly. However, there’s little to no recovery time.

 

My face has been LOVING these products!
Before I had been using Proactiv and other products that contain Benzoyl Peroxide, which have worked really well. unfortunately they do leave me with another problem though: dry and flaking skin. My skin gets really dry in the morning (after I’ve cleansed my skin), then a few hours later it gets really oily (its ‘normal’ self). by the end of the day my skin is one hot, flaking mess.so for the last 3 weeks (exactly 21 days now) I’ve added both Coral Actives to my skin care routine. Coral Actives is an acne treatment with a moisturizing formulation: the moisturizing formulation minimizes the traditional side effects of benzoyl periode. while trying out the products, I’ve been focusing on two things: has my occasional acne been improved? Is my skin still dry and flaking?

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With all the information on acne causes and treatments in books, magazines, or on the Internet, it’s difficult sometimes to know what is fact and what is myth.  Acne treatments range from home remedies, herbal medicines, creams, gels, vitamins, antibiotics, hormonal treatments, retinoids, laser treatment and the list goes on.

First of all what is acne? Acne is the result of hair follicles and skin pores getting clogged when the body produces too much oil which builds up which then leads to swelling, pimples, zits or whiteheads.  The oily substance is called sebum, which lubricates and moisturizes the skin and hair.  Normally, sebum produces small amounts of oil, but sometimes, although no one knows for sure why, starts over-producing oil.  Hormones play a part in the amount of sebum that is produced during adolescence.  The male hormone androgen can cause sebaceous glands to enlarge leading to the increase of more sebum.

Some FACTS about acne:

  • Popping pimples can lead to infection and scarring.
  • An acne treatment that works for one person may not work for you.
  • If other family members have/or had acne, it’s more likely that you will, too.
  • People of all races and ages can get acne.
  • Oil build-up in the skin can contribute to pimples.
  • Acne is more common in males than in females during adolescence.
  • Some birth control pills can help acne by slowing down over-producing oil glands in the skin.
  • Acne has nothing to do with lack of cleanliness.
  • Acne is not contagious.

Some MYTHS about acne:

  • The sun is good for acne.  A tan can temporarily cover up blemishes, but the sun may actually make acne worse.
  • Eating chocolate and sugar causes acne.
  • Acne is a result of poor hygiene.  Although, proper cleansing is essential for treating an acne condition.
  • Acne is not caused by dirt.
  • Stress causes acne. However, research suggests that for people who have acne, stress can make it worse.
  • Any acne medication works instantly.
  • Washing many times a day will minimize acne.
  • Washing with rough soaps and aggressive scrubbing will clear up acne on the face.
  • Picking your acne will make it disappear.
  • Once acne has cleared up, it will never come back.
  • Teenagers are the only ones that get acne.

 

CoralActives Retinol Exfoliating Cleanser
When I was younger I would often use Oxy cleansing pads or their topical creams to treat pimples that always seemed to emerge at the worst possible times. What I hated most about it, was that it dried out my skin. I would apply it in a circle covering the pimple and within a day I would have a circle of peeling skin. So if people weren’t staring at Mount Vesuvias on my face, they were staring at my peeling, dry skin no thanks to Benzoyl Peroxide, which is known to dry out skin.

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When you are living with acne it’s hard to think about anything else.  Your life exists around getting rid of and concealing your pimples.  This can lead to other areas of your life to suffer.  For a few folks, if their acne is bad enough they will decide to stop socializing, lose interest in friends and family, and become depressed.  There’s hope.   These days there are many varieties of treatments for acne.  Doctors understand more of the causes of acne and ways to treat it.

Living with acne once meant that you had to live with the scarring that it causes.  When acne gets severe and is out of control, the skin begins to develop pits and scars.  These blemishes never depart and can stay on your face all your life.   These days there are things you can do to prevent and treat scarring. Special facial treatments have been developed, new products to treat scarring have been developed and best of all new treatments for acne are coming out every day.  Let’s treat the acne before scarring occurs.

Look, living with acne can be rough.  It has lasting effects on many people.  The most effective method to combat acne is to stop it dead in its tracks.  Develop lifelong cleansing practices that keep oils and harmful bacteria from invading your pores.  The things you are doing daily will have an effect on when and if you get additional pimples.  Wash your face and use the right treatments that will help you stay acne free for the remainder of your life.  Find what works for you and your skin and stick with it.

 

In 2005 the FDA provided a public draft guidance document to the pharmaceutical industry on how to develop drugs to treat acne vulgaris, or acne. The draft guidance document contains the FDA’s current thinking on the development of acne drugs and the methods that should be used.  Some of the guidance document information is summarized below. At the time of this writing the FDA document had not been finalized.

Types of Acne Lesions
The two major types of acne lesions are classified as non-inflammatory and inflammatory. Non-inflammatory acne lesions are more commonly known as whiteheads and blackheads. Inflammatory acne lesions include papules and pustules and are more deeply seated in the skin than the non-inflammatory lesions.

How Acne Severity Is Rated
Currently there is no standardized method for rating the severity of acne outbreaks. Several methods have been proposed, but each has its difficulties. A sample scale for rating acne severity is summarized below, from least to most severe:

  • (0)  Clear skin with no inflammatory or non-inflammatory lesions
  • (1)  Almost clear; rare non-inflammatory lesions with no more than one small inflammatory lesion
  • (2)  Mild severity; greater than Grade 1; some non-inflammatory lesions with no more than a few inflammatory lesions (papules/pustules only, no nodular lesions)
  • (3)  Moderate severity; greater than Grade 2; up to many non-inflammatory lesions and may have some inflammatory lesions, but no more than one small nodular lesion
  • (4*)  Severe; greater than Grade 3; up to many non-inflammatory and inflammatory lesions, but no more than a few nodular lesions
    (* worsening beyond Grade 4 is possible).

Acne Drug Treatment Study Groups
Pharmaceutical companies recruit participants to form test groups, which consist of people with similar symptoms who use the medication to test its effectiveness. Acne drug test groups should be large enough to be statistically significant so that any claims of success and safety can be supported. Test patients are usually recruited during their most severe acne breakouts.  Acne drug trials are recommended to be randomized, blinded, multicenter trials, and other requirements will also apply. A control or placebo group should be utilized.  Furthermore, those doing testing should recruit test populations that are representative of the age, race, gender, and geographic location of acne patients in the United States.

Determining The Success Of Acne Drug Treatments
Acne severity is rated at the beginning and end of every test. Photographic evidence and/or lesion counts may also be taken. It is proposed to measure the success of acne medications as either a success or a failure, based on one of these two methods of measuring success:

  1. Success meaning a rating of clear skin or almost clear (severity rating 0 or 1) within the test period; or
  2. Success meaning an improvement of 2 severity grades within the test period. Under this definition, a successful test subject would have a severity improvement from 4 to 2 within the test period, as an example.

The Final Decision On New Acne Drugs
Several phases of testing are recommended for proposed acne drugs. Studies must be designed to account for effects such as test dropouts. Rigorous data analysis must be performed in conformance with FDA regulations. Only acne drug test data that has been validated and undergone quality assurance testing should be submitted to the FDA for approval.  Only through a rigorous and tightly-controlled testing and analysis procedure, followed by FDA approval, can new acne drugs be made available to the public.